The Hundredth Day of the Ukraine-Russian War


The Hundredth Day of the Ukraine-Russian War

After months of tensions
between Moscow and Kyiv, Russia launched an invasion of Ukraine by
land, air and sea on February 24, triggering global condemnation and a chain of

is a timeline of the developments:

February 21: Russian President
Vladimir Putin orders troops into the regions of Luhansk and Donetsk, and recognizes
them as independent states.

February 22: The Russian
parliament authorizes Putin to use military force. The United States
places full blocking sanctions on the Kremlin-controlled VEB bank and
PSB bank. Germany immediately halts the process of certifying the Nord Stream 2

February 23: The European
Union freezes the assets of 351 Duma members.

February 24: Russia launches a
full-scale assault on Ukraine. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy orders
a general mobilization. The US bars five more Russian banks from the US
financial system, and freezes four of the banks’ US-held assets.

February 25: Russia vetoes a
United Nations Security Council resolution demanding that it unconditionally
pull its troops out of Ukraine.

February 26: The EU says it
will bar selected Russian banks from the Society for Worldwide Interbank
Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) system, essentially cutting them off from
the global financial system.

February 27: Russian troops
press towards three cities, Kyiv, Kharkiv and Kherson. European Commission
President Ursula von der Leyen says Russian civilian aircraft are banned from
EU airspace, and Russian state-owned media Russia Today, Sputnik and their subsidiaries
are banned from EU airwaves and the internet.

February 28: The EU approves a
500 million euro ($537m) support package for the Ukrainian military. “This is
the first time in history that the EU will be providing lethal equipment to a
third country,” the EU’s foreign policy chief Josep Borrell says.
Total EU aid has since risen to 4.5bn euros ($4.8bn). Ukraine applies to join
the EU, which bans transactions with Russia’s central bank. The Russian rouble
tumbles 30 percent.

March 1: In a new offensive, a
Russian convoy 65km long heads for Kyiv.

March 2: Russian tanks
enter Kherson, making the southern Ukrainian town the first major
population centre (250,000 people) to fall. Russian forces surround Mariupol.

March 8: The European
Commission unveils REPowerEU, a plan to reduce dependence on Russian
natural gas by two-thirds by the end of the year, surpassing in ambition the
plan unveiled on March 3 by the International Energy Agency (IEA). The US
imposes a ban on Russian crude oil imports.

March 9: Russian air strikes
target a maternity hospital in the besieged city of Mariupol.

March 10: The US
Congress approves $13.6bn in spending for Ukraine.

March 11: The EU issues
the Versailles Declaration, calling on member states to strengthen defense
spending, investment, research and coordination. The US leads a new round
of sanctions against Russia backed by the Group of Seven (G7) bloc
of nations.

March 16: Hundreds die when
Russian troops bomb the Mariupol theatre, as civilians shelter inside. Fighting
reaches, the city centre.

March 23: NATO estimates that
Russia has lost 7,000-15,000 soldiers. The administration of US President Joe
Biden formally determines that Russia has committed war crimes in
Ukraine. Putin says future gas sales to “unfriendly” countries –
corresponding to the US, European Union members, the United Kingdom and Japan –
will be denominated in roubles rather than US dollars.

March 24: On a trip to Europe,
Biden pledges to provide Europe with 15 billion cubic metres (bcm) more natural
gas than last year, bringing shipments to Europe to 37bcm this year. It pledges
an additional 50bcm by 2030.

March 25: Russia says it will
focus on consolidating its control over the eastern Ukrainian
provinces of Luhansk and Donetsk, and starts to withdraw troops from Kyiv.

March 26: During a visit to US
troops in Poland, Biden appears to suggest regime change in Moscow.
“For God’s sake, this man cannot remain in power,” Biden says of Putin. Biden
backpedals on the remark the following day.

March 29: Russian and
Ukrainian negotiators meet in Istanbul. Ukraine puts forward a detailed
proposal of neutrality.

April 1: An Al Jazeera
report reveals that Russia is using proxy groups in Syria to recruit
fighters for Ukraine.

April 2: As Russian troops
withdraw from Bucha, a town northwest of Kyiv, dozens of corpses in
civilian clothes are found on the streets.

April 7: Ukrainian authorities
say Russia fired a cluster munition into a railway station packed
with thousands of evacuees, killing at least 52. The attack takes place in the
city of Kramatorsk in the eastern Donetsk region.

April 8: The EU bans imports
of Russian coal, lumber, cement, seafood and fertilizers.

April 10: Russian forces
bisect Mariupol.

April 14: Ukraine says it has
sunk the Russian Black Sea Fleet flagship Moskva with two Neptune

April 18: Russian forces
launch a new, large-scale offensive in east Ukraine to take full
control of the Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts.

April 20: The International
Monetary Fund forecasts global growth of 3.6 percent this year and next, a
downward revision of 0.8 percent for this year and 0.2 percent for next year
compared to January forecasts, owing to the war in Ukraine.

April 21: Putin declares
victory in Mariupol, though 2,500 Ukrainian defenders in the Azovstal
steelworks have not surrendered.

April 26: Austin presses
delegates from 40 nations to contribute more weapons as soon as possible to
Ukraine’s war effort at a military donors’ conference at Ramstein air
base in Germany.

April 27: Russia cuts off gas
flows to Bulgaria and Poland, allegedly for refusing to pay for gas in roubles.

April 28: The US
Congress revives World War II-era “lend-lease” facilities to speed up
weapons shipments to Ukraine. Biden asks Congress to approve a $33bn
spending package for Ukraine.

May 2: Germany says it is
willing to ban Russian oil immediately, in a change of position.

May 3: In a speech to the
European Parliament, Italian prime minister Mario Draghi calls for a
“pragmatic federalism” in which majorities of member states can override vetoes
to collective action – a clear hint toward Hungary and Slovakia, which are
blocking an EU ban of Russian oil and gas.

May 4: A Ukrainian
counteroffensive north and east of Kharkiv has pushed Russian troops 40km back
from the city, in the first major Ukrainian success since winning the battle
for Kyiv.

May 9: French President Emmanuel
Macron supports creating a strengthened form of association with the EU
that would enable Ukraine and other EU hopefuls such as Moldova and Georgia to
enjoy many aspects of membership quickly.

May 11: Ukrainian Deputy Prime
Minister Iryna Vereshchuk says Russia has deported some 460,000
Ukrainians to 6,500 camps across Russia. Ukraine for the first time limits
Russian gas transiting its territory to Europe, cutting by one-quarter
the flow of gas through one of two major pipelines.

May 12: Finland announces
it will seek NATO membership.

May 15: Sweden announces it
will apply for NATO membership, ending two centuries of neutrality.

May 17: Ukraine’s military
declares an end to the Azovstal operation in Mariupol. Russia’s defense
ministry confirms that 265 Ukrainians have surrendered.

May 18: The European
Commission announces a 220 billion euro ($236bn) plan to ditch Russian
fossil fuels over five years.

May 19: The US approves $40bn
in new spending for Ukraine, half of its military investment.

May 20: Former German
Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder bows to pressure to resign his seat on
the board of Russian oil giant Rosneft.

May 21: Russia says it has
full control of Mariupol, after almost 2,500 Ukrainian troops surrendered.

May 23: Ukraine sentences
the first Russian soldier convicted of war crimes to life in prison.

May 25: Eduard Basurin,
deputy head of the militia of the Russia-backed Donetsk People’s Republic, says
Russia is for now abandoning the larger strategy of surrounding all of
Ukraine’s forces in the east with a grand pincer movement, instead of focusing on
piecemeal isolations.

Zelenskyy blasts former US
Secretary of State Henry Kissinger for suggesting that Ukraine
surrender land to Russia. He likens it to the policy of appeasement in the

May 26: Russian forces
continue a slow encirclement of Severdonetsk, and are reportedly in possession
of the northeastern portion of the city. Ukrainian Deputy Defence
Minister Anna Malyar says “fighting has reached its maximum
intensity. The enemy is storming the positions of our troops in several
directions simultaneously”.

May 27: Russian forces advance
on Severdonetsk from three different directions, and begin direct assaults on
built-up areas of the city in the north, taking control of the Mir hotel.

May 28: Ukraine launches
a counteroffensive in Kherson, reportedly bringing Russian forces to
a “disadvantageous” defensive position and inflicting heavy losses.

In telephone calls with the
leaders of France and Germany, Putin offers to facilitate Ukrainian grain exports
in return for an easing of sanctions against Russia.

May 30: After some hesitation,
Biden decides to send “more advanced rocket systems” to Ukraine to enable
greater precision artillery strikes. The US will send guided multiple
launch rocket systems (GMLRS) and high mobility artillery rocket systems
(HIMARS) to add firepower to Ukraine’s defenses.

May 31: Russian forces occupy
the centre of Severdonetsk as Ukrainian troops make a tactical retreat.
Fighting rages in the town of Toshkivka, south of Severdonetsk, as Russian
forces attempt to complete an encirclement of Severdonetsk from the

June 1: Russian troops hold
the city centre of Severdonetsk and, according to estimates, up
to 70 percent of the city.

Germany says it will send
Ukraine the IRIS-T, the most modern artillery and targeting system it
possesses. The system will come with radar that helps target enemy artillery.


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